Singapore at a Glance

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Ⅰ. Profile of Singapore
Ⅱ. Major Attractions
Ⅲ. Visa and Entry Requirements for Foreigners
Ⅳ. Map of Singpapore
Ⅴ. Useful Numbers

Ⅰ. Profile of Singapore

Singapore is a city-state located in southeastern Asia between Malaysia and Indonesia. The country includes one major island and approximately 50 smaller islands in the Indian Ocean and the South Singapore Strait. The nation's total population is close to four million people with the largest concentrations living on the southern part of the main island near the capital city of Singapore. The ancestry of the population is 76 percent Chinese, 15 percent Malaysian, and 6 percent Indian. There are four official languages in Singapore: Malay, Mandarin, Tamil, and English. However, most Singaporeans are bilingual, and business and administration is conducted in English.

Singapore's history dates back to the eleventh century; however, few details were recorded until Westerners arrived in 1819. In 1824, the British bought the island and established the city of Singapore as a major port and trade center. Because of its economic importance, in 1867, Singapore was incorporated as an official British Crown Colony along with neighboring Penang and Malacca; it remained as such until 1946. During the Second World War, Singapore was taken over by the Japanese but later was recaptured by the British in 1945. Soon thereafter, Penang and Malacca joined the independent Malayan Union, while Singapore remained a British Colony. In 1959, Singapore became a self-governing part of the Federation of Malaya, Sabah, and Sarawak to form Malaysia. Singapore separated from Malaysia and became an independent republic on August 9, 1965.

Like many of its Southeast Asian neighbors, Singapore boasts a combination of cultures that stems from immigration and contact with other nations. As a result, the country offers a multitude of attractions for visitors from around the world. The area offers a rich colonial history combined with an abundance of modern shops, restaurants, hotels, and businesses. Despite increased modernization, Singaporeans value the traditions of their ancestors, and families ensure that children learn their respective religions, customs, and traditions. Celebrations occur frequently, and Chinese, Muslim, and Hindu festivals occur throughout the year, making Singapore a unique and memorable place to visit.

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Ⅱ. Major Attractions

Despite its small size, there are many things to see, do and experience in Singapore. In fact, Singapore's rich cultural artefacts, interesting historical monuments, idyllic nature spots and fun tropical spaces make the country an exciting leisure destination, indoors or outdoors.


Singapore's Chinatown evolved around 1821 when the first Chinese junk arrived from Xiamen, Fujian province in China. The passengers, all men, set up home around the south of the Singapore River which is known today as Telok Ayer. Chinatown's local name - Niu Che Shui (Bullock Cart Water) arose from the fact each household at that time had to collect fresh water from the wells in Ann Siang Hill and Spring Street, using bullock-drawn carts.

Little India

As you step into Little India, be prepared for an assault on the senses! You will be greeted by the strong, heady scent of spices and jasmine garlands, followed by the treasure trove of silverware, brassware, wood carvings and colourful silk saris, dazzling to behold. Pick up a walking guide and start your exploration of this colourful ethnic quarter.


One of the city's livelier spots is undoubtedly Sentosa, a sun-kissed paradise in the tropics which has more than enough attractions and activities to delight everyone! You can learn about Singapore's past at the heritage centre, enjoy the lush greenery at the nature park and explore the themed attractions, which are dotted all over this island.

Singapore Flyer

If it's an unbeatable "rooftop" view of the Singapore skyline that you want, hop on board the Singapore Flyer, our very own observation wheel which stands at a staggering height of 165 metres. As the capsule you're in ascends, you may even catch sight of our closest neighbours, Malaysia and Indonesia.

Singapore Zoo
Another sunny spot to head down to is the Singapore Zoo. If you're early, you can catch breakfast with an orang utan, or lend your shoulder to an affectionate python. These are just a few encounters you'll get at Singapore's highly acclaimed 28-hectare "open" zoo which houses over 3,200 mammals, birds, reptiles and fishes.

Marina Barrage

Make it a point to visit Singapore's latest downtown icon, the Marina Barrage – a 350-metre dam built across the Marina Channel to keep out seawater, forming Singapore's first reservoir in the city. It brings the total number of reservoirs in Singapore to 15.
More than just another reservoir to boost Singapore's water supply, the steady water level in the Marina basin makes it ideal for boating, windsurfing, kayaking, dragon-boating, etc. The area also makes a perfect backdrop for water-based arts performances, cultural events and sporting competitions.

Gardens by the Bay
Comprising three waterfront gardens in the Marina Bay area, this attraction will open in 2010. Aside from adding to the beauty and impact of the bay area, these gardens are part of Singapore's journey to becoming 'A City in a Garden'. Some of the Gardens' main features are, believe it or not, SuperTrees - tree-like structures that measure between 9 and 16 storeys high! These vertical gardens will come alive at night with lighting and displays while providing shade and shelter in the day.

East Coast Park
Health-conscious nature lovers can work up a sweat at this park by the sea. Its landscaped terrains make East Coast Park one of Singapore's favourite spots to bike or rollerblade; the equipment is available for rent at kiosks there. If you'd rather take the excitement indoors, there are always tennis complexes, the bowling alley, a golf driving range, the East Coast Sailing Centre and a water sports centre nearby.

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Ⅲ. Visa and Entry Requirements for Foreigners

All visitors to Singapore must meet the following entry requirements:
Valid travel document (minimum validity = 6 months);
Onward / return ticket;
Entry facilities to next destination;
Sufficient funds to stay in Singapore and
Visa for Singapore (if applicable)
Click here to check Entry Requirements for Foreigners (For Social Visit purposes only)
The above information is obtained from the Immigration & Checkpoints Authority (ICA). Please surf their website or write to them at for detailed information on visa requirements.

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Ⅳ. Map of Singapore

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Ⅴ. Useful Numbers

999 (toll-free)
Emergencies/Ambulance/Fire Brigade
995 (toll-free)
Important Public Services
Police Hotline
1800 225 0000 (toll-free)
Traffic Police Hotline
1800 547 1818
AAS Emergency Road Service
6748 9911
Non-Emergency Ambulance Service
Flight Information (24-hour)
1800-542 4422 (toll-free)
STB Touristline (24-hour automated tourist information system)
1800-736 2000 (toll-free in Singapore only)
CitySearch (operator-assisted Yellow Pages)
1900 777 7777
Time of Day
(65) 6542 7788
International Calls
Trunk Calls to Malaysia
Dial 109 for operator assistance, or 02 for direct dial.
Comfort CabLink
6552 1111/6552 2222
6552 4525
Premier Taxis/Silver Cab
6476 8880
SMRT Taxis
6555 8888
Smart Automobile
6485 7777
Trans-Cab Services
6555 3333


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